President Ramaphosa to skip Commonwealth summit in Kigali

Ange Eric Hatangimana

Rémy RUGIRA

South Africa’s President will not be able to attend this week’s Commonwealth heads of government meeting in Kigali. But his office insists it’s no snub to Rwandan President Paul Kagame — it’s just that his diary is full.

KAGAME AND RAMAPHOZA

Cyril Ramaphosa’s office insists that the President is not missing the meeting of Commonwealth heads of government this week because of any bad blood with Rwanda, but because he has meetings at home and abroad that he cannot miss.

The big event runs from Monday, 20 June, to Friday, 24 June. It will be attended by Britain’s Prince Charles on behalf of Queen Elizabeth, the titular head of the Commonwealth and UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson, along with many other leaders of the 54-nation group of mostly former British colonies.

Rwandan President Paul Kagame has spruced up the capital Kigali, seeing this as a great opportunity to showcase his country’s relatively successful development.  The official summit agenda will focus on climate change, recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic and the global fallout from Russia’s war against Ukraine. But human rights activists have urged the leaders to press Kagame to stop persecuting his critics.

Frosty relations

South Africa has a particular grievance against Rwanda — Kigali’s suspected complicity in the murder of former Rwandan intelligence chief Patrick Karegeya in the plush Michelangelo Hotel in Sandton in 2013 and several assassination attempts in South Africa against former Rwandan army chief Kayumba Nyamwasa between 2010 and 2014. These provoked Pretoria to expel three Rwandan diplomats, suspected of being involved in those crimes, in March 2014. Kigali retaliated by expelling six South African diplomats.

Kigali claims that Karegeya and Nyamwasa were abusing their asylum in South Africa to try to topple his government by force. The two men, who were among his most trusted confidantes before they fell out, helped found the Rwanda National Congress (RNC).  The opposition group claims it is a legitimate, peaceful political party, but Kigali insists RNC has a military wing based in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) that is conducting an armed struggle against Kagame’s government.

Though Ramaphosa and Kagame agreed on the margins of an African Union summit in Kigali in 2018 to patch up the quarrel, and a joint committee is trying to do so, this has not quite happened yet. The normalisation process has been complicated by the revelations of international investigative journalists last year that Ramaphosa’s cellphone had apparently been hacked by Rwanda, using military-grade Pegasus spyware which Kigali had bought from NSO, an Israeli cyberintelligence company that has sold Pegasus to several governments.

Busy week

Ramaphosa’s spokesperson, Vincent Magwenya, told Daily Maverick these issues had nothing to do with the President’s decision not to attend the Commonwealth summit.

He said the President’s week was already full of events he could not miss:

  • On Monday, 20 June, Ramaphosa would receive the final report of the Zondo Commission into State Capture.
  • On Tuesday, 21 June, he had to attend the funeral of the amaMpondo king, Zanozuko Tyelovuyo Sigcau.
  • From Wednesday, 22 June, to Friday, 24 June, Ramaphosa would be attending the 2022 summit of BRICS — the Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa bloc — that will be hosted in virtual format by Chinese President Xi Jinping.
  • On Friday, 24 June, and Saturday, 25 June, Ramaphosa would have to attend the ANC’s Gauteng conference.
  • On the evening of Saturday, 26 June, Ramaphosa would be leaving for Germany to attend the G7 summit.

So the timing is not great for the Commonwealth heads of government meeting,” Magwenya said. “It’s not for any other reason but that.”

He insisted that all of these meetings were necessary. For instance, he said, having already attended the funerals of other monarchs such as amaZulu king Goodwill Zwelithini and baPedi king Victor Thulare in 2021, Ramaphosa would cause offence if he did not attend Sigcau’s funeral.

Magwenya added that Ramaphosa was obliged to attend at least the opening or the closing of all ANC regional conferences and had done so at all of them so far this year. In the “highly charged” political atmosphere, this was especially important.

Tensions in DRC

The Commonwealth’s decision to hold the summit in Rwanda has been criticised by some human rights activists and coincides with events that may focus unfavourable attention on Kagame’s government. Last week, a series of legal challenges by the European Court of Human Rights and British courts halted the first flight of asylum seekers from the UK to Rwanda for processing of their asylum applications there.

The deal between the UK and Rwanda, which is intended to discourage asylum seekers from going to Britain, has been widely criticised on humanitarian grounds.  The summit will also take place against the backdrop of fast-rising tensions between Rwanda and its western neighbour, the DRC, which has accused Kigali of once again providing military support for the M23 rebel group that has recently resurfaced in eastern DRC.

DRC President Félix Tshisekedi last week accused Kagame’s government of backing the M23 in order to occupy his country and to plunder its mineral resources.

He called on Johnson to leverage Britain’s asylum-processing deal with Rwanda to persuade Kagame to stop supporting the M23.  The DRC has already stopped the national carrier RwandAir from flying to the DRC and has cancelled some diplomatic agreements. Kigali has denied the charges and has advised the DRC to resolve what it calls a “domestic” issue.

Human rights concerns

Last week, the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International and 21 other human rights groups sent a joint open letter to the leaders attending the Commonwealth summit, expressing “grave concern about the human rights situation in Rwanda”.

They called on Commonwealth leaders to use the summit as a platform to urge Rwanda to take concrete steps to respect and promote the values enshrined in the Commonwealth Charter and the Commonwealth’s Harare Declaration, which pledged the organisation to increase its commitment to human rights and democracy.

The silence of the Commonwealth on Rwanda’s human rights record risks undermining the organisation’s human rights mandate, as well as its integrity and credibility,” the letter said.

The letter noted that when Rwanda — which is not a former British colony — became a member of the Commonwealth in 2009, “the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative voiced concern that the state of governance and human rights in Rwanda did not meet the Commonwealth’s standards.

“Many of these concerns remain today. Commentators, journalists, opposition activists, and others speaking out on current affairs and criticising public policies continue to face abusive prosecutions, enforced disappearances or have at times died under suspicious circumstances.”  

Article published by « dailymaverick.co.za »

34 thoughts on “President Ramaphosa to skip Commonwealth summit in Kigali

  1. I got this website from my buddy who informed me concerning this web page and now this time I am visiting this web page and reading very informative content here.

  2. Howdy terrific blog! Does running a blog such
    as this require a great deal of work? I have virtually no understanding of programming however I was hoping to start my
    own blog soon. Anyways, should you have any suggestions
    or techniques for new blog owners please share. I understand this is off topic but I just needed to ask.
    Many thanks!

  3. You have made some decent points there. I looked on the web for more info about the issue
    and found most individuals will go along with your views on this website.

  4. We stumbled over here coming from a different website and thought I may as well check things out.
    I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to going over
    your web page again.

  5. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good.
    I do not know who you are but definitely you’re going to a
    famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  6. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my website thus i came to “return the favor”.I’m attempting to find things to improve
    my site!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

  7. I’m now not sure where you’re getting your information, but good topic.
    I needs to spend some time finding out much more or figuring out more.
    Thank you for wonderful info I used to be on the lookout for this info for my mission.

  8. Howdy! Would you mind if I share your blog with my myspace group?
    There’s a lot of folks that I think would really enjoy your content.
    Please let me know. Thank you

  9. A motivating discussion is definitely worth comment. I believe
    that you should write more on this issue, it may not be a taboo subject but generally people do not discuss these issues.
    To the next! Best wishes!!

  10. Thanks for the auspicious writeup. It in reality used to be a entertainment account it.

    Look advanced to more introduced agreeable from you!

    However, how could we keep up a correspondence?

  11. You could definitely see your expertise within the work you write.
    The arena hopes for even more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to mention how they believe.
    Always go after your heart.

  12. Nice blog here! Also your website loads up very fast! What host are you using?
    Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my website loaded up as fast as yours lol

  13. Ahaa, its nice dialogue about this paragraph at this place at this weblog, I have read all
    that, so at this time me also commenting at this place.

  14. Hello there, I discovered your website by the use of Google whilst looking for a similar topic, your web site came up, it seems to be great.
    I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hello there, just became aware of your weblog through Google, and located that it is truly informative.
    I’m going to watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful should you
    proceed this in future. A lot of other people will
    be benefited out of your writing. Cheers!

  15. Hello! I’ve been following your web site for some time now and finally
    got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Huffman Tx!
    Just wanted to say keep up the fantastic job!

  16. I was very happy to find this website. I wanted to thank
    you for ones time just for this fantastic read!!
    I definitely really liked every little bit
    of it and I have you book marked to check out new information on your website.

  17. I’m really enjoying the theme/design of your website.
    Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility issues?
    A small number of my blog visitors have complained about
    my website not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great
    in Safari. Do you have any tips to help fix this problem?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *