Sommet européen : l’UE refuse de financer des “barbelés et murs” anti-migrants aux frontières

La présidente de la Commission européenne, Ursula Von der Leyen, a affirmé vendredi que l’Union européenne ne financera pas de “barbelés et de murs” aux frontières, à l’issue du sommet européen à Bruxelles.

C’est un non catégorique pour la présidente de la Commission européenne. L’Union européenne ne financera pas “de barbelés et de murs” aux frontières pour empêcher les arrivées de migrants, comme réclamé par douze pays dont la Lituanie et l’Autriche, a déclaré vendredi 22 octobre la présidente de la Commission Ursula von der Leyen.

“J’ai été très claire sur le fait qu’il y a une position commune de longue date de la Commission et du Parlement européen, qu’il n’y aura pas de financement de barbelés et de murs”, a indiqué la cheffe de l’exécutif européen, à l’issue d’un sommet des Vingt-Sept à Bruxelles où la question a été discutée.

La Lituanie construit une clôture barbelée le long de sa frontière avec le Biélorussie pour endiguer un afflux de migrants, que le régime d’Alexandre Loukachenko est accusé d’orchestrer.

Le président lituanien Gitanas Nauseda a déclaré vendredi à Bruxelles que de telles mesures étaient “des plus nécessaires à court terme pour gérer cette crise”.

“Si la Lituanie construit une barrière, (…) elle devrait pouvoir compter sur notre solidarité. Ce n’est pas aux contribuables lituaniens de financer cela seuls”, a estimé le nouveau chancelier autrichien Alexander Schallenberg.

Douze États européens favorables 

La présidente de la Commission européenne, Ursula von der Leyen, s’exprimant lors d’une conférence de presse pendant le sommet de l’UE à Bruxelles, le 22 octobre 2021. © Reuters – Pool

Les ministres de l’Intérieur de 12 pays (Autriche, Bulgarie, Chypre, Danemark, Estonie, Grèce, Hongrie, Lituanie, Lettonie, Pologne, République tchèque et Slovaquie) avaient écrit le 7 octobre à la Commission pour demander à l’UE de financer la construction de telles clôtures.

“Une barrière physique apparaît comme une mesure de protection des frontières efficace, qui sert les intérêts de l’ensemble de l’UE, pas seulement les États membres en première ligne”, faisaient-ils valoir.

La commissaire aux Affaires intérieures, Ylva Johansson, avait alors répondu que les pays avaient “la possibilité et le droit de construire des clôtures”. “Mais quant à savoir si on devrait utiliser les fonds européens, qui sont limités, pour financer la construction de clôtures à la place d’autres choses tout aussi importantes, c’est une autre question”, s’était-elle contentée d’indiquer.

La Pologne a, comme la Lituanie, commencé à construire une clôture de barbelés sur une partie de sa frontière avec la Biélorussie.

La Hongrie avait quant à elle érigé ce type de barrière à la frontière avec la Serbie et la Croatie (pays membre de l’UE mais qui n’est pas dans l’espace Schengen) lors de la crise migratoire de 2015.

La Slovénie a fait de même avec la Croatie.

Avec AFP

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