Burundi : les hommes du très secret président Évariste Ndayishimiye


Alors que Gitega fait son retour sur la scène diplomatique, le chef de l’État continue d’asseoir son pouvoir, au milieu des luttes de clans. Pour s’affirmer, à l’extérieur comme à l’intérieur du pays, il s’appuie sur une poignée d’anciens maquisards du CNDD-FDD et de technocrates. Voici sa garde rapprochée.

La majorité des plus fidèles collaborateurs du président burundais, Évariste Ndayishimiye, porté au pouvoir en mai 2020, sont des militaires. Des « compagnons d’armes », qui ont servi dans le maquis où ils se sont rencontrés au lendemain de l’assassinat du président Melchior Ndadaye, en 1993. Ils sont tous de la même génération, presque tous nés la même année et ont gravi ensemble les marches du pouvoir au sein des Forces de défense de la démocratie (FDD) d’abord, puis de son versant politique ensuite, le Conseil national de la défense pour la démocratie – Force de défense de la démocratie (CNDD-FDD), constitué en 2004 pour porter Pierre Nkurunziza à la présidence l’année suivante.À LIREBurundi : Évariste Ndayishimiye, une présidence sous surveillance

Comme Évariste Ndayishimiye qui lui a succédé en mai 2020, la plupart ont d’ailleurs accompagné au plus près l’ancien chef de l’État – décédé en juin 2020 –, pour former au fil de ses quinze années de règne une caste de « généraux » qui accaparent les postes de pouvoir dans le pays. C’est en son sein que se trouvent aujourd’hui les meilleurs soutiens de l’actuel président, ainsi que ses seuls véritables adversaires, comme le Premier ministre Alain-Guillaume Bunyoni. Face à ceux qui goûtent assez peu sa décision de plus en plus affichée de renforcer la lutte contre la corruption pour séduire la communauté internationale, Ndayishimiye sait pouvoir compter sur son premier cercle.

« Ce n’est pas véritablement un homme de réseau », prévient un diplomate en poste à Bujumbura. Ou alors d’un seul, celui du CNDD-FDD qu’il a repris en main de 2015 à janvier 2021, et où il recrute ceux qui l’entourent, par amitié sincère, carriérisme, opportunisme ou par simple discipline de parti. Maquisards d’hier, civils et administrateurs d’aujourd’hui… tous sont au service d’un CNDD-FDD plus puissant et mystérieux que jamais.

General Evariste Ndayishimiye aka NEVA.

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  30. How has the President of Burundi, Évariste Ndayishimiye, surrounded himself with predominantly military collaborators, known as “companions in arms,” who share a common background dating back to the aftermath of the assassination of President Melchior Ndadaye in 1993? Could you elaborate on the shared experiences and the trajectory these collaborators have taken within the Forces for the Defense of Democracy (FDD) and the political arm, the National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy (CNDD-FDD), leading to their positions of influence?
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