Le Royaume-Uni signe un accord controversé avec Kigali pour envoyer des demandeurs d’asile au Rwanda

Rémy Rugira

Le Rwanda a signé un accord controversé avec Londres pour accueillir sur son sol des migrants et demandeurs d’asile de diverses nationalités acheminés du Royaume-Uni, a annoncé jeudi Kigali à l’occasion d’une visite de la ministre anglaise de l’Intérieur, Priti Patel. Le Haut Commissariat de l’ONU pour les réfugiés (HCR) a fait part de “sa forte opposition” au projet britannique.

Le Royaume-Uni a annoncé, jeudi 14 avril, un projet controversé d’envoyer au Rwanda les demandeurs d’asiles arrivés illégalement sur son territoire et confié la surveillance de la Manche à la Royal Navy, espérant dissuader les traversées de clandestins qui ne cessent d’augmenter.

Alors que le Premier ministre Boris Johnson avait promis de contrôler l’immigration, un des sujets clés de la campagne du Brexit, le nombre de traversées illégales, très dangereuses, a triplé en 2021 et continue d’augmenter. Londres reproche régulièrement à Paris de ne pas en faire assez pour les empêcher.

“À partir d’aujourd’hui (…), toute personne entrant illégalement au Royaume-Uni ainsi que ceux qui sont arrivés illégalement depuis le 1er janvier pourront désormais être relocalisés au Rwanda”, a annoncé le dirigeant conservateur lors d’un discours dans un aéroport du Kent (sud-est de l’Angleterre).


Le Rwanda pourra accueillir “des dizaines de milliers de personnes dans les années à venir”, a-t-il ajouté, affirmant que ce pays d’Afrique de l’Est est “l’un des pays les plus sûrs au monde, mondialement reconnu pour son bilan d’accueil et d’intégration des migrants”.

Ce projet, susceptible donc de s’appliquer à tous les clandestins d’où qu’ils viennent (Iran, Syrie, Érythrée…), a suscité des réactions scandalisées des organisations de défense des droits humains, qui dénoncent son “inhumanité”. L’opposition a jugé que le Premier ministre tentait de détourner l’attention après avoir reçu une amende pour une fête d’anniversaire en plein confinement.

Un accord à 144 millions d’euros
Désireux de regagner en popularité avant des élections locales en mai, Boris Johnson et son gouvernement cherchent depuis des mois à conclure des accords avec des pays tiers où envoyer les migrants en attendant de traiter leur dossier.

Une telle mesure est déjà appliquée par l’Australie avec des îles éloignées du Pacifique, une politique très critiquée. Par ailleurs, le Danemark avait également envisagé d’envoyer ses demandeurs d’asile vers des pays africains.

En vertu de l’accord annoncé jeudi, Londres financera dans un premier temps le dispositif à hauteur de 120 millions de livres sterling (144 millions d’euros). Le gouvernement rwandais a précisé qu’il proposerait aux personnes accueillies la possibilité “de s’installer de manière permanente au Rwanda” si elles “le souhaitent”.
“Notre compassion est peut-être infinie mais notre capacité à aider des gens ne l’est pas”, a déclaré Boris Johnson. Le chef du gouvernement britannique a ajouté que “ceux qui essayent de couper la file d’attente ou abuser de notre système n’auront pas de voie automatique pour s’installer dans notre pays mais seront renvoyés de manière rapide, humaine, dans un pays tiers sûr ou leur pays d’origine”.

Les migrants arrivant au Royaume-Uni ne seront plus hébergés dans des hôtels mais dans des centres d’accueil à l’image de ceux existant en Grèce, avec un premier centre “ouvrant bientôt”, a annoncé Boris Johnson.

Migrants échangés “comme des marchandises”
Dans le cadre de ce plan, qui vient compléter une vaste loi sur l’immigration actuellement au Parlement et déjà critiqué par l’ONU, le gouvernement confie dès jeudi le contrôle des traversées illégales de la Manche à la Marine, équipée de matériel supplémentaire. Il a renoncé en revanche à son projet de repousser les embarcations entrant dans les eaux britanniques, mesure décriée côté français.

En envoyant des demandeurs d’asile à plus de 6 000 kilomètres du Royaume-Uni, le gouvernement veut décourager les candidats au départ vers le Royaume-Uni, toujours plus nombreux : 28 500 personnes ont effectué ces périlleuses traversées en 2021, contre 8 466 en 2020… et seulement 299 en 2018, selon des chiffres du ministère de l’Intérieur.


Amnesty International a critiqué une “idée scandaleusement mal conçue” qui “fera souffrir tout en gaspillant d’énormes sommes d’argent public”, soulignant aussi le “bilan lamentable en matière de droits humains” de la nation africaine.

Pour le directeur général de Refugee Action, Tim Naor Hilton, c’est une “manière lâche, barbare et inhumaine de traiter les personnes fuyant la persécution et la guerre”.

Le Haut Commissariat de l’ONU pour les réfugiés (HCR) a fait également part de “sa forte opposition” au projet britannique.

“Les personnes fuyant la guerre, les conflits et les persécutions méritent compassion et empathie. Elles ne devraient pas être échangées comme des marchandises et transférées à l’étranger pour voir leur dossiers traités”, a déclaré le HCR dans un communiqué.

Même dans les rangs conservateurs, les critiques ont fusé, le député Tobias Ellwood estimant sur la BBC qu’il s’agit d’une “énorme tentative de détourner l’attention” des déboires de Boris Johnson dans le “Partygate”, ces fêtes organisées dans les cercles du pouvoir pendant les confinements.

France 24 avec AFP

88 thoughts on “Le Royaume-Uni signe un accord controversé avec Kigali pour envoyer des demandeurs d’asile au Rwanda

  1. This web site is really a walk-through for all of the info you wanted about this and didn’t know who to ask. Glimpse here, and you’ll definitely discover it.

  2. Thanks, I’ve recently been searching for information about this topic for a long time and yours is the best I have found out so far. However, what about the bottom line? Are you positive in regards to the source?

  3. I cherished as much as you will receive performed right here. The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish. nevertheless, you command get bought an shakiness over that you want be delivering the following. sick certainly come more before again since precisely the similar just about a lot steadily inside case you protect this hike.

  4. I am really loving the theme/design of your web site. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility problems? A handful of my blog visitors have complained about my site not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox. Do you have any ideas to help fix this issue?

  5. Simply wish to say your article is as surprising. The clearness in your post is simply spectacular and i could assume you are an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the enjoyable work.

  6. The core of your writing whilst appearing agreeable initially, did not really work very well with me after some time. Someplace throughout the sentences you actually managed to make me a believer unfortunately only for a while. I nevertheless have a problem with your leaps in logic and one might do nicely to fill in those breaks. In the event that you actually can accomplish that, I would undoubtedly be fascinated.

  7. Thank you for sharing excellent informations. Your web site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you¦ve on this website. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for more articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found just the info I already searched all over the place and just could not come across. What a great web-site.

  8. It’s really a great and helpful piece of info. I’m glad that you shared this useful information with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  9. Hey there, You’ve done an incredible job. I will definitely digg it and in my view suggest to my friends. I am sure they’ll be benefited from this site.

  10. You actually make it appear so easy along with your presentation however I in finding this matter to be really one thing that I feel I would never understand. It sort of feels too complicated and extremely vast for me. I’m taking a look forward for your subsequent submit, I¦ll try to get the hold of it!

  11. Do you have a spam issue on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was curious about your situation; many of us have created some nice procedures and we are looking to trade methods with others, please shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  12. I wanted to post you one little bit of word so as to give many thanks as before considering the splendid tricks you have shared on this page. This has been quite shockingly open-handed of people like you to provide without restraint exactly what some people would have offered for an ebook to make some bucks on their own, particularly now that you might well have tried it in the event you decided. These things likewise acted to provide a good way to be sure that other people have the same keenness like my very own to find out a little more with respect to this condition. I’m certain there are some more enjoyable opportunities up front for those who go through your blog.

  13. Pingback: auto swiper
  14. FitSpresso is a natural weight loss supplement that will help you maintain healthy body weight without having to deprive your body of your favorite food or take up exhausting workout routines.

  15. I?¦ll right away take hold of your rss feed as I can not find your e-mail subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly allow me realize in order that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  16. Someone necessarily assist to make seriously posts I might state. This is the first time I frequented your web page and so far? I amazed with the research you made to make this particular post incredible. Great process!

  17. whoah this blog is fantastic i really like studying your articles. Keep up the good paintings! You know, many people are hunting round for this information, you could help them greatly.

  18. I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your blog. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more pleasant for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a developer to create your theme? Exceptional work!

  19. Pingback: lasik
  20. Java Burn: What is it? Java Burn is marketed as a natural weight loss product that can increase the speed and efficiency of a person’s natural metabolism, thereby supporting their weight loss efforts

  21. F*ckin’ awesome things here. I’m very happy to look your article. Thank you a lot and i’m looking forward to touch you. Will you please drop me a e-mail?

  22. I’m not sure where you are getting your info, but great topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more. Thanks for excellent info I was looking for this info for my mission.

  23. Thanks for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbor were just preparing to do some research about this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more from this post. I am very glad to see such great info being shared freely out there.

  24. I’m still learning from you, but I’m trying to achieve my goals. I definitely liked reading all that is written on your website.Keep the information coming. I liked it!

  25. Can I simply say what a reduction to seek out someone who really knows what theyre speaking about on the internet. You positively know methods to deliver a difficulty to gentle and make it important. Extra people have to learn this and perceive this facet of the story. I cant believe youre not more standard since you positively have the gift.

  26. Great site. A lot of useful information here. I?¦m sending it to a few pals ans also sharing in delicious. And naturally, thanks on your sweat!

  27. Hello, Neat post. There is a problem with your website in internet explorer, might test this… IE nonetheless is the marketplace chief and a huge element of folks will leave out your excellent writing due to this problem.

  28. I got what you intend, thanks for putting up.Woh I am lucky to find this website through google. “Those who corrupt the public mind are just as evil as those who steal from the public.” by Theodor Wiesengrund Adorno.

  29. The next time I read a blog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as much as this one. I mean, I know it was my choice to read, but I actually thought youd have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something that you could fix if you werent too busy looking for attention.

  30. Excellent read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing some research on that. And he actually bought me lunch because I found it for him smile Thus let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch! “Whenever you have an efficient government you have a dictatorship.” by Harry S Truman.

  31. What Is ZenCortex? ZenCortex is a natural supplement that promotes healthy hearing and mental tranquility. It’s crafted from premium-quality natural ingredients, each selected for its ability to combat oxidative stress and enhance the function of your auditory system and overall well-being.

  32. I am now not positive the place you’re getting your info, however good topic. I must spend a while learning more or understanding more. Thank you for excellent info I used to be on the lookout for this info for my mission.

  33. I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your website. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a developer to create your theme? Superb work!

  34. This web site is really a walk-through for all of the info you wanted about this and didn’t know who to ask. Glimpse here, and you’ll definitely discover it.

  35. It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d certainly donate to this brilliant blog! I guess for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to fresh updates and will talk about this blog with my Facebook group. Chat soon!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *