RD Congo – Rwanda : pourquoi ce regain de tensions ?

Ange Eric Hatangimana

Rémy RUGIRA

La tension monte entre la République démocratique du Congo et le Rwanda, accusé de soutenir le groupe armé rebelle du M23 dans le Nord-Kivu, malgré les dénégations de Kigali. Mais sans informations indépendantes, “la situation est dans un flou constant dans le triangle République démocratique du Congo-Ouganda-Rwanda”, estime le professeur Filip Reyntjens, qui décrypte pour France 24 les raisons historiques et économiques de cette instabilité dans la région des Grands Lacs.

Entre la République démocratique du Congo et le Rwanda, les tentatives de dialogue restent vaines depuis que le M23, un groupe armé issu d’une ancienne rébellion tutsie congolaise et accusant le gouvernement de marginaliser leur minorité ethnique, a repris les armes fin 2021, faisant fi des accords de paix signés en 2013. Mi-juin, les rebelles du M23 se sont emparés de la ville de Bunagana, dans le Nord-Kivu, un important carrefour commercial entre la République démocratique du Congo et l’Ouganda. Le Rwanda a été instantanément pointé du doigt, accusé par Kinshasa d’appuyer le M23 et d’“envahir” son territoire.

Jeudi 30 juin, jour du 62e anniversaire de l’indépendance de son pays, le président congolais Félix Tshisekedi a déploré “l’énième agression de la part du Rwanda” et affirmé sa détermination à opposer un “double front diplomatique et militaire” aux violences dans l’Est.

Toutefois, les relations entre le Rwanda et la République démocratique du Congo (anciennement Zaïre) sont conflictuelles depuis la période post-génocide de 1994 et, en dépit de périodes d’accalmie, la déstabilisation de la région des Grands Lacs demeure totale depuis près de trente ans.

Après la fin de la deuxième guerre du Congo, en 2003, malgré le retrait de ses troupes, le Rwanda a poursuivi sa présence de manière clandestine en soutenant des groupes armés (dont le M23) dans l’est de la République démocratique du Congo. Et ce jusqu’à la défaite du M23 en 2013 face à la Monusco, la mission de maintien de la paix de l’ONU – cédant également face à une forte pression internationale. Une présence qui s’est toujours accompagnée, notamment, de l’exploitation illégale des ressources naturelles congolaises.

Depuis l’arrivée au pouvoir du président congolais Felix Tshisekedi en 2019, les relations avec le Rwanda semblaient pourtant s’améliorer. En témoigne la signature, en 2021, d‘accords bilatéraux sur les investissements, la fiscalité ou encore l’exploitation de l’or.

Le retour au combat du M23 tombe donc à “un moment qui ne pouvait pas être plus mauvais que celui-là”, estime Filip Reyntjens, professeur de droit et de politique à l’université d’Anvers, spécialiste de la région des Grands Lacs, qui revient pour France 24 sur les raisons du regain de tensions entre Kinshasa et Kigali.

France 24 : Pourquoi ce regain de tensions entre la République démocratique du Congo et le Rwanda ?

Filip Reyntjens : Le Rwanda post-génocide a envahi le Zaïre (devenu depuis République démocratique du Congo) et le Congo (Brazzaville) à deux reprises, en 1996 et 1998. Cette deuxième guerre a pris officiellement fin en 2003 mais depuis lors, l’armée rwandaise a été présente sur le territoire congolais par mouvements rebelles interposés (le CNDP, puis le M23 depuis 2012).

La méfiance de la part des Congolais à l’est est donc compréhensible, sachant qu’il ne s’agit pas seulement d’opérations militaires, mais également d’exploitation économique et d’influence politique.

Le retour du M23 date de la fin novembre 2021, et se situe dans un contexte complexe, notamment l’implication – avec l’autorisation du gouvernement de Kinshasa (voire à sa demande) – de l’armée ougandaise en Ituri et au Nord-Kivu.

Le déploiement des Forces de défense du peuple ougandais (UPDF) a irrité le Rwanda, qui considère le Nord-Kivu comme une partie de sa zone d’influence naturelle.

Aujourd’hui, le soutien politique et diplomatique du régime rwandais au M23 ne fait aucun doute, mais est-ce qu’il l’appuie également militairement ? Cela n’est pas établi, il n’y a pas encore de preuve confirmée par des sources indépendantes. Ce serait d’ailleurs étonnant, au moment où les rapports entre les deux pays commençaient à s’améliorer : la République démocratique du Congo vient d’intégrer la Communauté d’Afrique de l’Est, juste avant l’organisation du sommet du Commonwealth à Kigali.

De son côté, l’Ouganda, où certains dirigeants du M23 se sont réfugiés après leur défaite en 2013 [face à la Monusco, NDLR], n’a pas été pointé du doigt parce que la République démocratique du Congo mène par ailleurs des opérations militaires conjointes avec l’armée ougandaise.

Des policiers congolais affrontent des manifestants dénonçant “l’agression rwandaise”, à Goma, en République démocratique du Congo, le 15 juin 2022. © Michel Lunanga, AFP

Le M23 est-il vraiment la pierre angulaire de ce conflit ? N’y a-t-il pas un impératif pour Kigali de maintenir sa présence dans l’est de la République démocratique du Congo pour l’exploitation des ressources naturelles ?

C’est même l’enjeu principal pour le Rwanda. D’ailleurs, le rapport du groupe d’experts de l’ONU évoque l’implication du Rwanda (mais aussi de l’Ouganda) dans l’exploitation des ressources congolaises.

Ces trois dernières années, de très nombreux rapports ont montré la fuite constante et considérable de ressources congolaises [principalement l’or, le coltan, mais aussi les diamants du Kasaï, NDLR] vers le Rwanda, puis du Rwanda vers les marchés internationaux, en particulier Dubaï.

Quoi qu’il en soit, la situation est dans un flou constant dans le triangle République démocratique du Congo-Ouganda-Rwanda, qui ne sera levé qu’au moment où nous aurons des informations vérifiées, indépendantes et externes.

Qui peut fournir ces informations et agir dans le sens d’une résolution du conflit ?

Le groupe d’experts de l’ONU, dans un premier temps. Par ailleurs, au sein de la Conférence internationale sur la région des Grands Lacs (CIRGL), le Mécanisme conjoint de vérification élargi est chargé de la surveillance de la situation sécuritaire et humanitaire dans les 12 pays de la région. Pourtant, je n’ai pas vu, depuis novembre 2021, de prise de position ou de rapport émaner de cet organe de la CIRGL.

Il ne reste donc plus que le groupe d’experts de l’ONU, et les ONG, notamment en ce qui concerne l’exploitation des ressources naturelles congolaises par le Rwanda, sujet qui fait régulièrement l’objet de rapports.

La Communauté d’Afrique de l’Est, quant à elle, ne peut pas grand-chose. Sur les sept États qui la composent (Burundi, Kenya, Ouganda, Rwanda, Soudan du Sud, Tanzanie et République démocratique du Congo), trois sont impliqués dans ce conflit, le Burundi est engagé dans le Sud-Kivu, où évoluent aussi des rebelles burundais, et le Soudan du Sud a déjà beaucoup à faire sur son sol. La seule chose que la Communauté d’Afrique de l’Est puisse faire est donc de déployer une force kényano-tanzanienne, les deux seuls États ayant l’avantage d’être indépendants et d’avoir la capacité militaire d’intervenir.

La Tanzanie l’a d’ailleurs fait au sein de la Brigade d’intervention de l’ONU, en renfort de la Monusco en 2013 pour combattre le M23, aux côtés de l’Afrique du Sud et du Malawi.

Est-ce qu’un conflit armé est possible ?

Je ne pense pas, car la République démocratique du Congo n’a pas d’armée [opérationnelle, NDLR] et ne parvient déjà pas à contrôler son propre territoire. Elle ne peut pas mener une guerre offensive contre le Rwanda, qui a une bonne armée, une armée réelle comme l’État rwandais est un État réel. L’armée congolaise, elle, est le miroir de l’État congolais – un État déliquescent qui ne remplit pas, empiriquement, la plupart des fonctions qu’un État doit remplir, comme le contrôle territorial.

Bien sûr, il y a de la part de certains politiciens (comme Martin Fayulu) et de la société civile de l’est de la République démocratique du Congo une volonté d’attaquer le Rwanda, mais ils ne le feront pas parce qu’ils ne sont pas capables de le faire. Alors que le Rwanda, lui, le peut, et l’a d’ailleurs déjà fait par le passé en envahissant le Congo et en occupant la moitié de son territoire.

Reste que la déstabilisation de la région entière reste totale, comme c’est le cas depuis le génocide au Rwanda, en 1994.

Avant, le Rwanda n’était pas un facteur d’instabilité dans la région, il n’avait jamais attaqué ou déstabilisé un pays voisin, n’avait jamais été engagé dans l’exploitation illégale de ressources… Ce n’est que depuis que le Front patriotique rwandais (FPR) est là que c’est devenu une pratique, le FPR ayant renoué avec une ancienne tradition précoloniale rwandaise d’expansion territoriale et de force militaire.

France24

189 thoughts on “RD Congo – Rwanda : pourquoi ce regain de tensions ?

  1. O kosi na glavi govorimo s velikom otvorenošću. Ali mi nismo uvijek tako
    brzi o skrupu u našim skivviesima. Pubične dlake već su dugo vrijeme koža.
    (Ne, to nije zato što se brijete – to vam ne čini
    da zgusnete niti ijednu dlaku, vratite se gušćom.) Mediji,
    naši prijatelji i naši romantični partneri ponekad nam Opširnije
    Stidne dlake: 20 činjenica o tome zašto se ljudi.

  2. Thanks , I’ve just been searching for info about this topic for ages and yours is the greatest I have discovered so far. But, what about the conclusion? Are you sure about the source?

  3. Hi there! This blog post couldn’t be written any
    better! Reading through this article reminds me of
    my previous roommate! He continually kept preaching about this.

    I am going to forward this post to him. Fairly certain he
    will have a very good read. I appreciate you for sharing!

  4. Thank you for some other informative blog.

    Where else could I am getting that type of info written in such a perfect way?
    I have a mission that I am just now operating
    on, and I’ve been on the glance out for such info.

  5. I will right away clutch your rss as I can not find your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service.
    Do you’ve any? Please allow me realize so that
    I could subscribe. Thanks.

  6. I would like to thank you for the efforts you’ve put
    in writing this site. I am hoping to see the same high-grade blog posts
    by you in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has inspired
    me to get my own, personal site now 😉

  7. Hello there, just became alert to your blog through
    Google, and found that it is really informative.
    I am going to watch out for brussels. I’ll appreciate if you continue this in future.
    A lot of people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  8. Greetings! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my
    comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours
    and I’m having trouble finding one? Thanks a lot!

  9. When I initially commented I appear to have clicked on the -Notify me when new
    comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment
    is added I receive four emails with the exact same comment.
    Is there a means you are able to remove me from that
    service? Cheers!

  10. Hello! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted
    keywords but I’m not seeing very good results. If you know of any please share.
    Thank you!

  11. Hi there, I discovered your site by way of Google even as
    looking for a similar topic, your website got here up,
    it seems to be great. I have bookmarked it in my google
    bookmarks.
    Hi there, just changed into aware of your weblog via Google, and found that it is truly informative.
    I am gonna be careful for brussels. I will be grateful in the event you proceed this in future.
    Many folks can be benefited out of your writing. Cheers!

  12. great points altogether, you simply gained a brand new reader.
    What could you suggest in regards to your post that you just made some days in the past?
    Any sure?

  13. Hey! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and tell you I genuinely enjoy reading through your posts.
    Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that deal with the same subjects?
    Thank you so much!

  14. Just wish to say your article is as surprising.
    The clarity in your post is simply great and i can assume you’re an expert
    on this subject. Fine with your permission let
    me to grab your feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post.

    Thanks a million and please keep up the enjoyable work.

  15. Hmm is anyone else having problems with the pictures on this blog loading?
    I’m trying to figure out if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog.
    Any responses would be greatly appreciated.

  16. I just couldn’t depart your website prior to suggesting that I actually loved the
    standard information an individual supply in your guests?
    Is gonna be again incessantly in order to check up on new posts

  17. I believe this is among the so much vital information for me.
    And i am glad reading your article. However should
    statement on few basic things, The website taste is wonderful,
    the articles is in point of fact nice : D. Just right task, cheers

  18. First of all I want to say excellent blog!
    I had a quick question which I’d like to ask if you don’t mind.
    I was interested to know how you center yourself and clear your thoughts prior to writing.
    I’ve had a difficult time clearing my mind in getting my
    thoughts out there. I truly do enjoy writing but it just seems
    like the first 10 to 15 minutes are generally lost simply
    just trying to figure out how to begin. Any suggestions or hints?

    Kudos!

  19. Hi I am so thrilled I found your website,
    I really found you by accident, while I was researching on Digg for something
    else, Nonetheless I am here now and would just like to
    say kudos for a marvelous post and a all round exciting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to look over it all at the minute but
    I have bookmarked it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will
    be back to read a great deal more, Please do keep up the great work.

  20. Great work! That is the type of information that are meant to be shared around the web.
    Shame on Google for no longer positioning this put up higher!
    Come on over and discuss with my site . Thanks =)

  21. My coder is trying to convince me to move to .net from
    PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on several websites for about a year and am anxious about switching to another platform.
    I have heard good things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress posts into it?

    Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  22. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article writer for your site.
    You have some really great posts and I feel I would be a good asset.

    If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d absolutely love to write some material for your blog in exchange
    for a link back to mine. Please blast me an email if interested.
    Thanks!

  23. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your posts as long as
    I provide credit and sources back to your site? My blog site is
    in the very same area of interest as yours and my users would really benefit from some of the information you provide here.
    Please let me know if this okay with you. Regards!

  24. Howdy are using WordPress for your blog platform? I’m new to the
    blog world but I’m trying to get started and set up my own. Do you need any
    coding knowledge to make your own blog? Any help would be really appreciated!

  25. Helloł wołają na mnie Jasiek. Adwokat Rzeszów- odpowiem na każde wątpliwości z nim powiązane. W tym momencie moim miejscem egzystencji jest atrakcyjne miasto Siemiatycze. Adwokat Rzeszów w Polsce to prosty sposób na bankowe tarapaty.

  26. Howdy I am so grateful I found your blog page, I really
    found you by mistake, while I was looking on Bing for something else, Regardless I
    am here now and would just like to say thanks a lot for a
    remarkable post and a all round exciting blog (I also love
    the theme/design), I don’t have time to go through it all at
    the minute but I have saved it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a great deal more,
    Please do keep up the excellent work.

  27. With havin so much content and articles do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright violation? My blog has a lot of exclusive
    content I’ve either written myself or outsourced but it appears a
    lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my permission. Do you know any techniques to
    help reduce content from being ripped off? I’d genuinely appreciate
    it.

  28. What’s Taking place i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve discovered It absolutely
    helpful and it has helped me out loads. I am hoping to give a contribution & assist other
    customers like its helped me. Good job.

  29. Howdy I am so glad I found your blog, I really found
    you by accident, while I was researching on Askjeeve for something else, Regardless I am here now
    and would just like to say thank you for a remarkable post and a all round thrilling
    blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to browse it all at the minute but I have bookmarked it and also
    added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be
    back to read more, Please do keep up the fantastic b.

  30. Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon on a daily basis.

    It’s always helpful to read articles from other authors and use a little something from their websites.

  31. Hey There. I discovered your blog using msn. That is a very neatly written article.
    I’ll make sure to bookmark it and come back to read extra of your
    helpful information. Thanks for the post. I’ll certainly comeback.

  32. obviously like your web-site but you need to test the spelling on several of your
    posts. Many of them are rife with spelling problems and I in finding it very bothersome to inform the truth on the other hand I will definitely come again again.

  33. Yesterday, while I was at work, my cousin stole my iPad and tested to see if it can survive a 25 foot drop, just so she
    can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now broken and she has 83 views.
    I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  34. Siemaneczko nazywam się Kryspin. Spytaj mnie o upadłość konsumencką. W tym momencie moim miejscem egzystencji jest fantastyczne miasto Czersk. Adwokat Rzeszów w Polsce- czyli jak w prosty sposób poradzić sobie z długami.

  35. Hey there! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with SEO?
    I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good success.
    If you know of any please share. Many thanks!

  36. May I just say what a relief to find somebody that actually knows what they
    are discussing online. You definitely realize how to bring
    a problem to light and make it important. More people have to read
    this and understand this side of your story.
    It’s surprising you’re not more popular because you definitely have the gift.

  37. Hey There. I found your weblog the usage of msn. That
    is an extremely well written article. I’ll make sure to bookmark it and come back to learn more of your useful info.
    Thank you for the post. I will certainly
    return.

  38. I’m now not positive where you’re getting your info, but good topic.
    I must spend a while studying much more or figuring out more.

    Thank you for excellent information I used to be looking for this info for my mission.

  39. I don’t know if it’s just me or if perhaps everybody else experiencing problems with your blog.
    It looks like some of the written text on your posts are running
    off the screen. Can somebody else please comment and let me know if this is happening to them too?

    This could be a issue with my browser because I’ve had this happen previously.
    Thank you

  40. Thanks for every other wonderful article. The place else may
    just anyone get that kind of information in such
    a perfect means of writing? I’ve a presentation subsequent week, and I’m on the search for such
    info.

  41. My programmer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.

    I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses. But he’s tryiong none the less.
    I’ve been using WordPress on several websites for about a year and am anxious about
    switching to another platform. I have heard good things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it?
    Any help would be really appreciated!

  42. The other day, while I was at work, my cousin stole my apple ipad and tested to see
    if it can survive a thirty foot drop, just so
    she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now destroyed and she has 83 views.
    I know this is entirely off topic but I had to share
    it with someone!

  43. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your posts as long as I provide
    credit and sources back to your webpage?
    My blog site is in the exact same area of interest as yours and my users would
    genuinely benefit from some of the information you
    provide here. Please let me know if this alright with you.
    Thank you!

  44. Its such as you read my mind! You seem to know a lot approximately this, like you wrote the e-book in it
    or something. I feel that you simply can do with some % to power the message home a little bit, but other than that, that is wonderful blog.
    An excellent read. I’ll certainly be back.

  45. This design is spectacular! You definitely know how to keep
    a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was
    almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Fantastic job.
    I really loved what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it.
    Too cool!

  46. Hi every one, here every person is sharing these kinds of knowledge, therefore it’s pleasant to read this website, and
    I used to pay a visit this webpage everyday.

  47. Hey there! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you
    using for this site? I’m getting fed up of WordPress
    because I’ve had issues with hackers and I’m looking at alternatives for another platform.
    I would be fantastic if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  48. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if
    you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter
    updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you
    would have some experience with something like this.
    Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward
    to your new updates.

  49. I was curious if you ever thought of changing the layout of your blog?
    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you
    could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better.
    Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1
    or two images. Maybe you could space it out better?

  50. Greetings from Colorado! I’m bored at work so I decided to check out your site on my
    iphone during lunch break. I really like the info you present
    here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.

    I’m amazed at how quick your blog loaded on my mobile ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, good blog!

  51. Hi would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re using?

    I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m having a hard time deciding between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and
    I’m looking for something completely unique. P.S My apologies for being off-topic but I had to
    ask!

  52. My spouse and I stumbled over here different web address and thought I should check things out.
    I like what I see so now i am following you.
    Look forward to going over your web page repeatedly.

  53. Every weekend i used to visit this web page, for the reason that i want
    enjoyment, as this this web page conations actually good funny information too.

  54. hello there and thank you for your information – I’ve certainly picked
    up something new from right here. I did however expertise some technical points using
    this site, as I experienced to reload the web site many times previous
    to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your hosting is OK?

    Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances times
    will sometimes affect your placement in google and can damage your quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords.
    Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my e-mail and could look
    out for a lot more of your respective intriguing content. Make sure you update this again soon.

  55. Nice blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make my blog jump out.
    Please let me know where you got your theme. Thanks a lot

  56. Hi! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new iphone!
    Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to all your posts!
    Carry on the excellent work!

  57. I have been exploring for a bit for any high-quality articles
    or weblog posts on this kind of space . Exploring in Yahoo
    I ultimately stumbled upon this website. Reading this information So
    i am happy to convey that I have a very excellent uncanny feeling I discovered just what I needed.
    I so much undoubtedly will make certain to don?t disregard this
    web site and give it a look regularly.

  58. After looking into a number of the blog posts on your web site, I honestly like your way of writing a blog.
    I added it to my bookmark website list and will be checking
    back soon. Take a look at my website too and let me know what
    you think.

  59. My brother recommended I may like this web site. He used to be
    totally right. This submit actually made my day.

    You cann’t believe just how a lot time I had spent for this information! Thank you!

  60. I will immediately seize your rss as I can’t to find your e-mail subscription link or newsletter service.
    Do you have any? Please let me know in order that I could
    subscribe. Thanks.

  61. Hey would you mind stating which blog platform you’re working with?

    I’m going to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a tough time deciding
    between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique.
    P.S Sorry for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  62. Heya i am for the primary time here. I came across this
    board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out much.

    I hope to present something again and help others like you aided me.

  63. Hi, I do believe your blog might be having internet browser compatibility problems.
    When I take a look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine however, when opening in Internet Explorer,
    it has some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to provide you with
    a quick heads up! Besides that, wonderful website!

  64. Its such as you read my mind! You appear to grasp so much approximately this,
    such as you wrote the e book in it or something. I
    feel that you can do with some % to drive the message home a bit, but other than that, that is magnificent blog.
    An excellent read. I will certainly be back.

  65. I was wondering if you ever considered changing the structure of your blog?
    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.
    But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect
    with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having
    one or 2 images. Maybe you could space it out
    better?

  66. Admiring the hard work you put into your blog and in depth information you offer.
    It’s great to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same old rehashed information. Great read!

    I’ve saved your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google
    account.

  67. Siemasz wołają na mnie Longin. Upadłość konsumencka- przygotuję dla Ciebie wniosek. Na czas dzisiejszy moim miejscem przebywania jest supernowoczesne miasto Marki. Adwokat Rzeszów w Polsce- nie trzeba mieć de facto jakichkolwiek środków finansowych.

  68. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into
    starting my own blog and was curious what all is needed to get set up?
    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very internet smart so I’m not 100% positive.
    Any recommendations or advice would be greatly appreciated.
    Thanks

  69. I blog often and I seriously appreciate your content.
    This article has truly peaked my interest. I’m going to book mark your website and keep checking for new details about once per week.
    I subscribed to your RSS feed too.

  70. Heya are using WordPress for your blog platform? I’m new
    to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own. Do you require any coding expertise to make your own blog?
    Any help would be really appreciated!

  71. hello there and thank you for your information – I’ve definitely picked up something
    new from right here. I did however expertise
    some technical points using this web site, as I
    experienced to reload the site a lot of times previous to I could get it to load correctly.
    I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and could damage your quality
    score if advertising and marketing with Adwords.
    Anyway I am adding this RSS to my e-mail and could look out for a lot more of your respective interesting
    content. Ensure that you update this again soon.

  72. Today, I went to the beach front with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year
    old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.”
    She put the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.
    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is completely off topic but I
    had to tell someone!

  73. I must thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this blog.
    I’m hoping to see the same high-grade blog posts by you later on as well.
    In truth, your creative writing abilities has inspired me
    to get my very own site now 😉

  74. Hey! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any problems with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing a
    few months of hard work due to no backup. Do you
    have any methods to stop hackers?

  75. I am really enjoying the theme/design of your weblog.

    Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility issues?
    A number of my blog audience have complained about my site not working correctly in Explorer but looks
    great in Safari. Do you have any advice to help fix this problem?

  76. Howdy! I understand this is somewhat off-topic however I had to ask.

    Does running a well-established website like yours take a massive amount work?
    I’m completely new to operating a blog but I do write in my diary daily.
    I’d like to start a blog so I can easily share my personal experience and thoughts online.
    Please let me know if you have any kind of suggestions
    or tips for new aspiring bloggers. Thankyou!

  77. Cześć wołają na mnie Oktawian. Spytaj mnie o upadłość konsumencką. Obecnie moim miejscem zamieszkiwania jest bogate miasto Strumień. Adwokat Rzeszów w Polsce- nie musisz mieć de facto żadnych środków finansowych.

  78. I absolutely love your blog and find many of your
    post’s to be just what I’m looking for. can you
    offer guest writers to write content available for you?
    I wouldn’t mind composing a post or elaborating on many of the subjects you write
    about here. Again, awesome blog!

  79. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any
    widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience
    with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new
    updates.

  80. Cześć wołają na mnie Edwin. konsolidacja chwilówek bez zdolności- nie musisz mieć majątku. W tym momencie moim miejscem bytowania jest arcypiękne miasto Złocieniec. konsolidacja chwilowek gdzie w Polsce- wzór przykładowego podania do wypełnienia.

  81. Hejka moja godność to Ferdek. konsolidacja chwilówek dla zadłużonych to temat w którym czuję się najkorzystniej. Na czas dzisiejszy moim miejscem egzystencji jest rewelacyjne miasto Kostrzyn n Odrą. konsolidacja chwilówek dla zadłużonych online w Polsce to łatwy sposób na bankowe tarapaty.

  82. Yo noszę genialne imię Borys. konsolidacja chwilówek online to najfajniejsze rozstrzygnięcie dla użytkowników zadłużonych. Aktualnie moim miejscem przebywania jest zadbane miasto Lublin. konsolidacja chwilówek bez zdolności w Polsce a prowadzenie osobistej aktywności gospodarczej.

  83. Witajcie moi rodzice dali mi na chrzcie imię Walerian. konsolidacja chwilówek gdzie- zadaj mi zapytanie, odpowiem w mgnieniu oka. W tej chwili moim miejscem bytowania jest artystyczne miasto Wejherowo. konsolidacja chwilówekkonsolidacja chwilówek w Polsce a prowadzenie spółek prawa komercyjnego.

  84. Cze według dowodu osobistego moje imię to Aleksander. konsolidacja chwilowek dla zadluzonych to temat w którym czuję się najkorzystniej. Na czas dzisiejszy moim miejscem zamieszkiwania jest atrakcyjne dla studentów miasto Pruszków. konsolidacja chwilówek przez internet w Polsce- opisanie statystyczne rodzimych pożyczkobiorców.

  85. Witam według dowodu osobistego moje imię to Maciek. konsolidacja chwilowek online- z mną masz pewność właściwego podania. W chwili obecnej moim miejscem bytowania jest atrakcyjne miasto Łowicz. konsolidacja chwilówek bez dochodu w Polsce- coraz to więcej wyroków na korzyść przekredytowanych.

  86. Sie macie według dowodu osobistego moje imię to Witold. konsolidacja chwilówekkonsolidacja chwilówek- pomogę Ci ukończyć całą procedurę. Aktualnie moim miejscem zamieszkiwania jest nowatorskie miasto Kołobrzeg. konsolidacja chwilówek przez internet w Polsce- ile pieniędzy syndyk będzie mi pobierał.

  87. Dzień dobry moja godność to Kazek. konsolidacja chwilówek online- nie musisz posiadać majątku. W tym momencie moim miejscem zamieszkiwania jest atrakcyjne dla studentów miasto Lubartów. konsolidacja chwilówekkonsolidacja chwilówek w Polsce- przekonaj sie czy Ty również będziesz mógł sfinalizować.

  88. Dzieńdoberek nadano mi imię Paweł. konsolidacja chwilowek ze mną zdobędziesz nawet posiadając słabą historię w Biurze Informacji Kredytowej. W chwili obecnej moim miejscem egzystencji jest wielowyznaniowe miasto Iława. konsolidacja chwilówek w Polsce- w jakich okolicznościach i na których warunkach jest realna.

  89. Yo jestem znany pod imieniem Godzisław. Kredyty uzyskasz nawet mając komornika na wypłacie. Obecnie moim miejscem zamieszkiwania jest wielokulturowe miasto Krotoszyn. Kredyty w Polsce – które sprawy trafiają do krajowych sądów.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *