Ni ukubera iki Politike y’u Rwanda itajya itera imbere ahubwo igahora isenyuka,n’abayikora bakaburirwa irengero cyangwa bakicwa?

Yanditswe na Docteur Anastase Gasana

NI MPAMVU KI POLITIKI Y’U RWANDA ITAJYA ITERA IMBERE AHUBWO IGAHORA ISENYUKA N’ABAYIKORA BAKABURIRWA IRENGERO CYANGWA BAGAPFA BISHWE?

I. Kutamenya politiki icyo ari cyo:

Ntibazi ko politike ari “ari ubuhanga n’ubumenyi bwo mw’ishuli cyangwa kimeza bwo gutunganya no kuyobora société (l’art de gérer, d’organiser la société et cela pour le bien de tous les membres de cette même société), ahubwo bafata politiki nk’amatiku no kubeshya kandi atari byo.

II. Kuba inkingi z’indangagaciro za politiki nyarwanda zo mw’ikubitiro za mbere y’umwaka wa 1500 zarasenyutse:

Abami Hutu bahanze institution y’ubwami mu Rwanda (voir “kuvukana imbuto” kuko bari abahinzi) bo bubahirizaga iriya definition ya politiki kuko ubwami bwabo bwarangwaga n’ibyiza bikurikira:

(1) UBUBYEYI(umuyobozi wese kumva ko ari umubyeyi wa bose agafata abantu bose nk’uko afata abana be bwite);

(2) UBUMUNTU(kubaha ikiremwamuntu; nta muco w’ubunywamaraso n’ubwicanyi wabarangaga);

(3)URUGWIRO(hospitality; bakiriye abatutsi aho kubarwanya bituma mu Rwanda hataba hutuland na tutsiland ahubwo abantu bagatura uruvangitirane);

(4)UMURIMO (abami hutu batozaga abo bayobora gukunda umurimo no gutungwa n’ibyo bakoze bavunikiye ubwabo aho kujya kugaba ibitero ku bandi hagamijwe kubambura ibyabo no kubica);

(5)UBUFATANYE (solidarité;gufashanya buri wese mu byo ashoboye no kugobokana);

(6)UBUVANDIMWE; fellowship (kumvisha no kugaragaza mu migenzereze ya buri munsi ko abahutu abatutsi abatwa ari abavandimwe/fellow citizens, ko bagomba kubaho no kubana kivandimwe);

(7)UBUSABANE n’UBWISANZURE (ari naho havuye uriya murage mwiza abami hutu basigiye u Rwanda n’abanyarwanda wo guturana uruvangitirane hutu tutsi twa hirya no hino mu gihugu).

III. Izi nkingi z’ubuyobozi bwiza mvuze zaje gusenywa mu myaka ya 1500 n’abami tutsi b’ingoma nyiginya-bega ubwo bagabaga ibitero by’ubwicanyi nta mpamvu kuri bagenzi babo abami hutu bakabica, abahutu bagahindurwa ingaruzwamuheto bakagirwa abacakara mu gihugu cyabo kandi nabo ari icyabo:

Ubwami tutsi nyiginya-bega mu myaka 459 bwamaze butegeka Rwanda bwo bwaranzwe ni ibi bikurikira:

Ivangurabwoko, igitugu, ikinyoma, ubwiru uburyarya uburiganya n’ubuhendanyi, urugomo, akarengane, umuco mubi w’ubunywamaraso, ubwicanyi, ubwibone, agasuzuguro, kuneena, kwigizayo abandi (exclusion de l’autre) no kwigwizaho ibyiza by’igihugu n’ubutegetsi bwacyo.

Kubera ko iyi system y’ubu butegetsi yamaze imyaka irenga magana ane, byabaye nk’aho ibaye umuco wa politiki nyarwanda maze ibyo biyiha uburyo bwo kwambukiranya ibihe byose kuva ku ngoma ya Cyami ntutsi kugeza kuri Repubulika mputu zombi, iya mbere n’iya kabiri, na Repubulika ntutsi ya mbere iriho ubu nayo ikaba yarabikomeje, ndetse ikabishyiraho n’akarusho.

Hagiye rero hahinduka abantu gusa ariko umuco mubi w’ubutegetsi bushingiye kw’ivangurabwoko, igitugu, ikinyoma, ubugome, urugomo,imbereka, urwango, inzigo, inzika, kwihimura, ubusahuzi, iterabwoba n’ubwicanyi wo wikomereza kuba wa wundi uko ibihe byagiye bisimburana kugeza ubu.

IV. Positive values ziranga ubutegetsi buzima zo kubanisha abantu bose(abahutu abatutsi abatwa) mu mahoro, mu bworoherane no mu bwubahane abami b’abahutu bari barubatse, ingoma nyiginya-bega yarazishenye izisimbuza ziriya negative values zose zashenye u Rwanda kuva mu mwaka wa 1500 kugeza na nubu zikirusenya:

Izo valeurs négatives zituma politiki y’u Rwnda idatera imbere ahubwo igahora isenyuka n’abayikora bakaburirwa irengero cyangwa bagapfa bishwe ni: ivangura(rivangura amoko uturere, irondakazu, n’ibindi), ubutegetsi bw’igitugu, urugomo, akarengane, kwigizanyayo(exclusion mutuelle), uburyarya uburiganya ubwiyorobetsi n’ubuhendanyi, kutavugisha ukuri no kudakorera mu mucyo, imbereka(kuba ba bahoran’imbereka), ubuhemu, urugomo, kwigwizaho ibyiza by’igihugu ubyirukanamo abandi benegihugu, ubunywamaraso, n’ubwicanyi.

Aya mabi yose mvuze, uyasanga mu buyobozi bwose no muri leta na guverinoma zose zabayeho mu Rwanda n’iziriho ubu ari nayo mpamvu ituma buri gihe zisenyuka nabi zikanasenya igihugu aho kucyubaka.

No mu kinyarwnda cy’umuzi harimo imvugo ngo “AKABOKO KAFASHE INGOMA KAYIREKURA ARI UKO BAGACIYE”; ngo “NTA NGOMA ITICA”; ngo “UMWAMI NI UWISHE”.

Umwami Musinga abazungu baramubajije bati “ariko kuki hano muhora mwica abantu”? Umwami Musinga arabasubiza ati: “abanyarwanda wabategeka ute utabishe!”

Ngiyo politiki nyarwanda, ngiyo ya miyoborere “myiza” nyarwanda mujya mwumva yogagizwa, ngiyo gouvernance y’u Rwanda!!!!

V. Iby’iyi mitegekere/miyoborere mibi byose nta kindi cyabikemura burundu uretse:

Gushyira mu bikorwa amahame yose ya demokarasi uko yakabaye, no gusangiza abanyarwanda bose ibyiza by’igihugu cyabo birimo n’ubutegetsi bwacyo ntawe uhejejwe inyuma y’urugi, nta we ubundikiye ipfunwe, nta we ucakajwe, ntawe uragiye undi nk’uragiye inka ihene cyangwa intama, nta waje kuvumba iwabo, nta wica undi.

(Photo by Jacques Langevin/Sygma/Sygma via Getty Images)

Anastase Gasana, umuyobozi w’Ishyaka Democratic Rwanda Party, DRP-ABASANGIZI rikorera mu buhungiro.

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