Pourquoi le 11 novembre est-il férié en France et dans d’autres pays ?

Le 11 novembre, célébration de l'armistice 14-18

Le 11 novembre est férié en France et est également célébré dans d’autres pays du monde. En France, ce jour célèbre la signature de l’armistice de la guerre 14-18. Retour sur l’histoire de cette journée historique.

Le 11 novembre est un jour férié en France. Il correspond à la date de la signature de l’armistice de la guerre 1914-1918. lepetitjournal.com vous retrace son histoire. 

La signature de l'armistice le 11 novembre 1918
Photo de presse : F.ex. Jan Dąbrowski “Wielka wojna 1914-1918” ( The Great War 1914-1918) 

Le 11 novembre, date de l’armistice

Le maréchal Ferdinand Foch, représentant de la France, l’amiral Wemyss pour le Royaume-Uni et Matthias Erzberger pour l’Allemagne, se sont réunis dans le wagon-restaurant d’un train dans la clairière de Rethondes, dans la forêt de Compiègne dans l’Oise. Ce 11 novembre 1918 à 5H20, l’armistice est signé entre les trois pays pour mettre un terme à la guerre la plus sanglante de l’histoire, la guerre 14-18 et ses 18 millions de morts. Cet armistice n’était cependant que temporaire et ne devait durer que 33 jours. Après un renouvellement, ce n’est que le 28 juin 1919 que le traité de Versailles fut signé et mettant ainsi officiellement fin à la Grande Guerre.

La tombe du soldat inconnu à Paris
La tombe du soldat inconnu à Paris

La célébration du 11 novembre en France et dans le monde

La première célébration du 11 novembre a eu lieu le 11 novembre 1919. Mais ce n’est qu’en 1920 que la première cérémonie a eu lieu dans l’Hexagone avec notamment la remise d’une gerbe de fleurs en honneur du soldat inconnu, un soldat non identifié, représentant tous ceux tombés au front et enterré sous l’Arc de Triomphe. Le 11 novembre ne deviendra férié en France qu’en 1922 et des cérémonies ont lieu dans toute la France aux différents monuments aux morts. Depuis 2012, les cérémonies du 11 novembre sont dédiées aux victimes et aux anciens combattants de tous les conflits. Le bleuet en est le symbole et est porté en boutonnière.

Le 11 novembre est célébré dans d’autres pays comme la Belgique où il est aussi férié mais aussi en Italie ou encore au Portugal. Au Royaume-Uni et dans les pays du Commonwealth, on parle du jour du souvenir et le coquelicot ou poppy est son symbole. Au Canada, le 11 novembre est férié pour les militaires et les fonctionnaires fédéraux.

Aux Etats-Unis, le 11 novembre met à l’honneur les vétérans.

La Pologne célèbre, quant à elle, sa fête nationale et son indépendance retrouvée après 123 ans de domination austro-hongroise, russe et prussienne.

34 thoughts on “Pourquoi le 11 novembre est-il férié en France et dans d’autres pays ?

  1. 840342 558146Wow! This can be one particular of the most useful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Really Fantastic. Im also an expert in this topic so I can comprehend your hard function. 940556

  2. 932433 804042Hmm is anyone else encountering difficulties with the pictures on this weblog loading? Im trying to figure out if its a dilemma on my end or if it is the weblog. Any responses would be greatly appreciated. 43215

  3. You are so interesting! I do not think I’ve truly read something like that before. So good to find someone with a few unique thoughts on this topic. Really.. thanks for starting this up. This site is something that is needed on the web, someone with some originality!

  4. I’m extremely impressed along with your writing skills and also with the structure for your weblog.
    Is that this a paid theme or did you modify it your self?
    Either way stay up the excellent high quality writing, it’s uncommon to peer a great blog like this one today..

  5. Does your blog have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating it but, I’d like to
    shoot you an e-mail. I’ve got some suggestions for your blog
    you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great blog and I look forward to seeing it develop over time.

  6. Excellent way of telling, and fastidious post
    to get facts concerning my presentation subject matter, which i am going to convey in school.

  7. Valuable information. Fortunate me I found
    your web site unintentionally, and I am stunned why this accident did not
    took place earlier! I bookmarked it.

  8. 707767 375031This really is a extremely exciting write-up, Im searching for this know how. So you recognize I established your web website when I was searching for websites like my own, so please look at my internet internet site someday and post me a opinion to let me know how you feel. 904962

  9. 970053 974889Most beneficial gentleman speeches and toasts are created to enliven supply accolade up towards the wedding couple. Newbie audio system the attention of loud crowds should always think about typically the fantastic norm off presentation, which is their private. very best man speaches 485044

  10. Wow that was odd. I just wrote an very long
    comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t appear.
    Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyways,
    just wanted to say wonderful blog!

  11. Good day! This is kind of off topic but I need some help from an established blog.

    Is it very hard to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out
    pretty fast. I’m thinking about making my own but I’m not sure where to start.

    Do you have any ideas or suggestions? Thanks

    Feel free to surf to my blog … tracfone

  12. 97364 705021Safest the world toasts are made to captivate and also faithfulness to your wedding couple. Beginner sound system watching high decibel locations would be wise to always remember some sort of vital secret developed by presentation, which is your auto. finest man speeches funny 817585

  13. 18077 493858Hello, Neat post. There is an concern along along with your web site in web explorer, could test thisK IE nonetheless may be the marketplace leader and a huge portion of other individuals will miss your magnificent writing because of this issue. 960863

  14. 108572 440462Very good post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that Ive truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. Soon after all I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write once again really soon! 78895

  15. 702197 637948Wow! Thank you! I always wanted to write on my website something like that. Can I include a portion of your post to my internet site? 917781

  16. 991036 644623I like this post extremely considerably. I will definitely be back. Hope that I can go by means of more insightful posts then. Will likely be sharing your wisdom with all of my pals! 246771

  17. 682009 924639The planet are really secret by having temperate garden which are generally beautiful, rrncluding a jungle that is surely definitely profligate featuring so many systems by way of example the game courses, golf method and in addition private pools. Hotel reviews 443188

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *