Burundi: Evariste Ndayishimiye Iburayi, ‘Intambwe ya nyuma yo gufungura’

Uruzinduko rwa perezida w’Uburundi Iburayi nyuma y’imyaka ya politiki yihariye ni intambwe ya nyuma yo gufungura u Burundi, nk’uko umwalimu wa politiki abivuga.

Nyuma y’izindi ngendo n’inama nyafurika aheruka kwitabira, ubu Ndayishimiye yagiye Iburayi mu nama y’iminsi ibiri ihuza Ubumwe bwa Africa n’Ubumwe bw’Uburayi izabera i Bruxelles mu Bubiligi kuva kuwa kane.

Kuva yajya ku butegetsi mu 2020 Perezida Evariste Ndayishimiye yagaragaje umuhate mu guhindura ububanyi n’amahanga bwasaga n’ubwafungiranye nyuma y’igerageza ryo guhirika ubutegetsi ryabaye mu 2015.

Umuhate wa Ndayishimiye watanze umusaruro kuko mu cyumweru gishize umuryango w’Ubumwe bw’Uburayi wakuyeho inzitizi ku bukungu wari warafatiye Uburundi kuva mu 2016. Amerika nayo yahise ishimangira icyemezo nk’icyo yari yafashe mu mwaka ushize.

Kuva mu 2015 ku butegetsi bwa perezida Pierre Nkurunziza, kenshi mu Burundi humvikanaga imvugo z’abategetsi zinenga ibikorwa by’amahanga ku Burundi, abo bitaga kenshi ‘abakoroni’.

Timothy J. Oloo, umwalimu wa siyansi politiki muri kaminuza muri Kenya na Tanzania avuga ko hagati ya 2015 na 2020 u Burundi “bwari bwariheje mu ruhando rw’ibihugu”.

Yabwiye BBC ati: “…kandi ni politiki mbi cyane ku gihugu gikennye kandi kidafite umutungo kamere uhagije watuma cyibeshaho ubwacyo.

Ubumwe bw’Uburayi bwari bwarahagaritse miliyoni €432 (arenga miliyoni $514) ku Burundi kandi igice kinini cy’ingengo y’imari yabwo yaravaga ku nkunga y’amahanga.

Banki nyarufika itsura amajyambere (BAD/AfDB) mu 2021 yatangaje ko umusaruro mbumbe w’umurundi ku mwaka wagabanutseho 16% mu myaka itanu yari ishize ukagera kuri $270 mu 2020, kandi ko abaturage barenga 70% batunzwe no munsi ya $1.9 ku munsi.

Ubukene, ubucuruzi bujegajega, ubushomeri mu rubyiruko kuri 65% (BAD), ubukene bw’amadovize – kubera ikinyuranyo kinini hagati y’ibyoherezwa mu mahanga n’ibitumizwayo – ni bimwe mu bibazo byugarije u Burundi n’abategetsi babwo.

Prezida Evariste Ndayishimiye arasezera ku bagize reta ye ku kibuga c'indege ca Bujumbura, ku wa 15/02/2022
Prezida Evariste Ndayishimiye arimo asezera ku bagize reta ye ku kibuga c’indege ca Bujumbura agiye i Bruxelles

Timothy Ojoo ati: “Ni ikosa rikomeye gukora politiki yo kwishyira mu kato kandi uri igihugu gifite ibibazo by’ubukene bukabije mu baturage kandi abenshi ari urubyiruko.

Buri wese yakomeje kubona ko Perezida Ndayishimiye ashaka gukosora iryo kosa ry’uwo yari asimbuye wabikoze kubera impamvu ze.

Uru rugendo rwe Iburayi ni ikimenyetso cya nyuma cyo gufungura igihugu.”

Ubukene n’uburenganzira bwa muntu

Ibihugu bikize byafatiye ibihano u Burundi bishingiye ku bikorwa byo guhonyora uburenganzira bwa muntu, nko kwica, gufunga nta manza cyangwa kunyuruzwa bivuga ko byakorewe abaturage n’abatavugarumwe n’ubutegetsi kuva mu 2015.

Bamwe mu batavuga rumwe n’ubutegetsi bwa Gitega banenze ko ibyo bihano byavanyweho kandi bimwe muri ibyo bikorwa bigikomeje mu Burundi.

Timothy Ojoo avuga ko ibihugu birimo ubukene bukabije kenshi n’ibikorwa bibangamiye uburenganzira bwa muntu bitahabura.

Ati: “Nubwo ntari mu Burundi, sinavuga ko ibyo bikorwa ntabihari ariko sinibaza ko niba binahari uko byari bimeze mu 2016 ariko ubu mu 2022 bikimeze.

“Icya mbere mbona gikomeye ni ubukene, kuko aho buri ibibi byose birashoboka. Niba Perezida uriho ari guca inzira zose ngo arwanye ubukene mbibona nk’ikintu cyiza mu bundi buryo kigana ku kubahiriza n’ubwo burenganzira bwa muntu.”

Yongeraho ati: “Uko byagenda kose igihugu nk’u Burundi kiracyakeneye inkunga y’ibihugu bikize ngo kive mu bukene.”

BBC

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